April 22, 1836 – Part 1 of 2


April 22, 1836

Proclaimed May 25, 1836

part 1 of 2

Ed. note: This is the first of two treaties made and signed at the Indian Agency on April 22, 1836.
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at the Indian Agency, in the State of Indiana, between Abel C. Pepper, commissioner on the part of the United States and O-kah-mause, Kee-waw-nay, Nee- boash, and Mat-chis-jaw, chiefs and head men of the Patawattimie tribe of Indians and their bands, on the twenty-second day of April in the year, eighteen hundred and thirty-six.

ART. 1. The above named chiefs and head men and their bands, hereby cede to the United States, ten sections of land, reserved for them by the second article of the treaty, between the United States and the Patawattimie tribe of Indians, on Tippecanoe river, on the 26th day of October, in the year 1832.

ART. 2. In consideration of the cession aforesaid, the United States stipulate to pay to the above-named chiefs and head men and their bands, the sum of six thousand four hundred dollars, at the first payment of annuity, after the ratification of this treaty.

ART. 3. The above-named chiefs and head men and their bands agree to remove to the country west of the Mississippi river, provided for the Patawattimie nation by the United States, within two years.

ART. 4. [Stricken out by Senate.]

ART. 5. The United States stipulate to provide for the payment of the necessary expenses attending the making and concluding this treaty.

ART. 6. This Treaty, after the same shall be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States, shall be binding upon both parties.

In testimony thereof, the said Abel C. Pepper, commissioner as aforesaid, and the said chiefs and head men and their bands, have hereunto set their hands, this 22d day of April, A. D. 1836.

Abel C. Pepper,
Pash-po-ho, his x mark,
O-kaw-mause, his x mark,
Kee-waw-nee, his x mark,
Cho-quiss, fishes entrails, his x mark,
Ma-che-saw, bleating fawn, his x mark,
Waw-po-ko-ne-aw, white night, his x mark,
Nee-boash,or twisted head, his x mark,
I-o-weh, or nation’s name, his x mark,
Miss-no-qui, female fish, his x mark,
Kaw-che-noss, his x mark,
Ah-muck, his x mark,
Kohe-kah-me, his x mark,
Que-que-nuk, his x mark.


Geo. W. Ewing,
Cyrus Tober,
J. B. Duret, secretary,
Peter Barron,
Joseph Bamont, interpreter.

Ed. note: The treaty dated October 26, 1832 referred to in article 1 was ratified on January 21, 1833.


Fay, George E., ed. Treaties Between the Potawatomi Tribe of Indians and the United States of America, 1789 – 1867. Greeley, Colorado, University of Northern Colorado, 1971.

Kappler, Charles J., ed. Indian Treaties 1778-1883. Mattituck, New York, Amereon House, 1972.